It is not an exemption from any law or duty, and much less from the obligation consequent on certain kinds of sin, e. It does not confer immunity from temptation or remove the possibility of subsequent lapses into sin. The absurdity of such notions must be obvious to any one who forms a correct idea of what the Catholic Church really teaches on this subject. Regarding this definition, the following points are to be noted: I In the Sacrament of Baptism not only is the guilt of sin remitted, but also all the penalties attached to sin.
In the Sacrament of Penance the guilt of sin is removed, and with it the eternal punishment due to mortal sin; but there still remains the temporal punishment required by Divine justice, and this requirement must be fulfilled either in the present life or in the world to come, i. An indulgence offers the penitent sinner the means of discharging this debt during his life on earth.
III, 54 sqq. In other words, sin is fully pardoned, i. XLII, n. This means that it not only releases the penitent from his indebtedness to the Church or from the obligation of performing canonical penance, but also from the temporal punishment which he has incurred in the sight of God Indulgence - Discocks* - Dont Be Fooled which, without the indulgence, he would have to undergo in order to satisfy Divine justice.
As St. Thomas says Suppl. He acts in his official capacity as having jurisdiction in the Churchfrom whose spiritual treasury he draws the means wherewith payment is to be made. The Church herself is not the absolute owner, but simply the administratrix, of the superabundant merits which that treasury contains.
She therefore determines the amount of each concession, as well as the conditions which the penitent must fulfill if he would gain the indulgence.
A further distinction is that between perpetual indulgences, which may be gained at any time, and temporary, which are available on certain days only, or within certain periods. Real indulgences are attached to the use of certain objects crucifix, rosary, medal ; personal are those which do not require the use of any such material thing, or which are granted only to a certain class of individuals, e.
The most important distinction, however, is that between plenary indulgences and partial. By a plenary indulgence is Indulgence - Discocks* - Dont Be Fooled the remission of the entire temporal punishment due to sin so that no further expiation is required in Purgatory. A partial indulgence commutes only a certain portion of the penalty; and this portion is determined in accordance with the penitential discipline of the early Church.
To say that an indulgence of so many days or years is granted means that it cancels an amount of purgatorial punishment equivalent to that which would have been remitted, in the sight of Godby the performance of so many days or years of the ancient canonical penance. Here, evidently, the reckoning makes no claim to absolute exactness; it has only a relative value. God alone knows what penalty remains to be paid and what its precise amount is in severity and duration. Finally, some indulgences are granted in behalf of the living only, while others may be applied in behalf of the souls departed.
It should be noted, however, that the application has not the same significance in both cases. The Church in granting an indulgence to the living exercises her jurisdiction; over the dead she has no jurisdiction and therefore makes the indulgence available for them by way of suffrage per modum suffragiii.
Hence the pope, as supreme head of the Church on earth, can grant all kinds of indulgences to any and all of the faithful; and he alone can grant plenary indulgences.
Sedis, XXXI, Pius X August 28, allowed cardinals in their Indulgence - Discocks* - Dont Be Fooled churches and dioceses to grant days; archbishops, ; bishops, These indulgences are not applicable to the souls departed. They can be gained by persons not belonging to the diocese, but temporarily within its limits; and by the subjects of the granting bishop, whether these are within the diocese or outside—except when the indulgence is local.
Priests, vicars-general, abbots, and generals of religious orders cannot grant indulgences unless specially authorized to do so. On the other hand, the pope can empower a cleric who is not a priest to give an indulgence St. From what has been said above, it is clear that the recipient must be free from the guilt of mortal sin. Furthermore, for plenary indulgences, confession and Communion are usually required, while for partial indulgences, though confession is not obligatory, the formula corde saltem contritoi.
Regarding the question discussed by theologians whether a person in mortal sin can gain an indulgence for the dead, see Purgatory. It is also necessary to have the intention, at least habitual, of gaining the indulgence. Finally, from the nature of the case, it is obvious that one must perform the good works—prayers, alms deeds, visits to a church, etc.
The Council of Trent Sess. It is therefore of faith I that the Church has received from Christ the power to grant indulgences, and 2 that the use of indulgences is salutary for the faithful. This transfer is based on: I The Communion of Saints. As each organ shares in the life of the whole body, so does each of the faithful profit by the prayers and good works of all the rest—a benefit which accrues, in the first instance, to those who are in the state of grace, but also, though less fully, to the sinful members.
Merit is personal, and therefore it cannot be transferred; but satisfaction can be applied to others, as St. Besides, there are the satisfactory works of the Blessed Virgin Mary undiminished by any penalty due to sin, and the virtues, penances, and sufferings of the saints vastly exceeding any temporal punishment which these servants of God might have incurred.
These are added to the treasury of the Church as a secondary deposit, not independent of, but rather acquired through, the merits of Christ. Thomas In IV Sent. As Aquinas declares Quodlib. V, tit. This treasure He neither wrapped up in a napkin nor hid in a field, but entrusted to Blessed Peter, the key-bearer, and his successors, that they might, for just and reasonable causes, distribute it to the faithful in full or in partial remission of the temporal punishment due to sin.
The Lord is good to those who wait for Him, to the soul who seeks Him. It is good that one should hope and wait quietly for the salvation of the Lord. Do you feel weak and discouraged? Contemplate Joshua and the promise that God will always be with you. All things are possible with Him! What is your response? Please leave a comment on our blog. We would love to hear from you! When everything seems to be going wrong, refuse to get discouraged.
Featured Products Buy Now. This meant praying for the lessening or removal of temporal penalties holding them back from the full glory of heaven. The custom of praying for the dead is not restricted to the Catholic faith. In doing this. Thus, Judah not only prayed for the dead, but provided for them the then-appropriate ecclesial action for lessening temporal penalties: a sin offering.
Accordingly, we may take the now-appropriate ecclesial action for lessening temporal penalties— indulgences—and apply them to the dead by way of prayer.
These six principles, which we have seen to be thoroughly biblical, are the underpinnings of indulgences. But, the question of expiation often remains.
Certainly when it comes to the eternal effects of our sins, only Christ can make amends or reparation, Dont Be Satisfied Dont Be Ruled Dont Be Denied (CD.
We are completely unable to do so, not Dont Be Satisfied Dont Be Ruled Dont Be Denied (CD because we are finite creatures incapable of making an infinite satisfaction, but because everything we have was given to us by God. If someone steals an item, he can return it. These are ways in which one can make at least partial amends expiation for what he has done. Here we are told that a person makes temporal atonement though never eternal atonement, of which only Christ is capable for his sins through acts of loving kindness and faithfulness.
Brom, Bishop of San Diego, August 10, Skip to main content Accessibility feedback tract. Download Share.
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